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Is It Illegal to Download Free Music?

The Confusion Surrounding Music Copyright Law

Because there are so many different ways to get free music off the internet, there has become a lot of confusion and conflicting views as to what is legal and what isn’t.

“OK, so it’s illegal to burn a copy of a CD and distribute it. So are you telling me I can’t burn a mix CD and give it to a few of my friends?”

“It’s illegal to download free songs of peer-to-peer websites and servers, but can I download a song from my friend over Dropbox?”

These types of song copying and distribution leave many feeling that the laws are vague and outdated, so they just continue on downloading music illegally.

The increasingly popular technique of “YouTube to mp3” where you grab the mp3 file from a video someone posted of a song has only added to the problem.

Is that illegal too?

Let’s take a look.

The FBI Warning

You know how when you’re watching a movie on a DVD (for those of us who still do that) and on the screen comes that familiar “FBI WARNING” that tells you the material is copyrighted and it’s illegal to make unauthorized copies of said material of any kind… etc.

Well, despite what some outdated articles might say, this copyright (or internet piracy) law also applies to music.

What does that mean?

Redistribution of any kind, without the artists consent, is illegal. And if you participate by knowingly downloading music that is being distributed without the artist’s consent, you are participating in illegal activity.

This article at IBM compared using these third-party sites just to rip music from YouTube, like “using cassette tapes to record songs of the radio”.

And peer-to-peer servers as well as other websites that don’t even technically host the files on their website, are still participating in this illegal activity, and in the future, copyright companies will continue to be cracking down on this activity.

Are There Other Options?

Yes. You are not without hope. There are so many options. Honestly, with all the options out there it’s amazing how many people are still working so hard to download music for free (OK, there’s not that many). I remember those days, myself.

And I cringe at the thought of having to once again edit the properties of each individual song so that it would be neat and orderly on my iPod.

Never again.

While you do have the option of subscribing to a music streaming service as many have, if you’d like to keep listening to your music very cheaply without an internet connection and you want to actually own the songs you’re listening to, I’d recommend a service like Mp3million, where you can download songs for nickels and dimes. These kinds of sites are legal as long as they are paying royalties on the song licenses. And with that said, hopefully you’ll be on your way to continue your music downloading lifestyle without (too much) interruption.

Article Source: http://EzineArticles.com/9198962

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What Are the Child Custody Rights in Divorce Cases?

The most important and complex issue in a divorce case is ‘Child Custody’. Both husband and wife, use child custody as a medium to establish the guilt and fault of the other party.

In India, Guardian and Wards Act, 1890 is empowered to determine the issue of child custody.

Generally, the court has the power to grant the following:

(a) Permanent Custody

(b) Interim Custody

(c) Visitation Rights

(a) Permanent Custody

The court awards permanent custody after determination of all aspects of the case. Usually, prime criteria is the “welfare of the child.”

While deciding the ‘welfare of the child’, the court mainly considers following factors:

i. The qualification of both father and mother.

ii. Family background of the both father and mother, which includes their financial and academic qualifications

iii. Child’s wishes

iv. Conduct of the parties

v. Overall development of the child.

(b) Interim Custody

The court awards interim custody during the pendency of the case keeping in mind the overall development of the child. While granting interim custody, the court tries to maintain balance between the husband and the wife and also remains cautious that the child is not treated as a shuttlecock between the estranged spouses.

The court also imposes certain conditions for the welfare of the child like not leaving the country without informing the court, to protect the interest of another party.

(c) Visitation Rights

The Court grants visitation rights at two stages, at the stage of the trial, and after the determination of the dispute (divorce in most of the cases). Once one of the spouses gets the permanent custody, other spouse has a right to meet the child once a week or as directed by the Court. The object of the court is to maintain the emotional bond between the child and parents.

Conclusion

In matrimonial proceedings, the court has to decide the question of custody of children during the pendency of the proceedings and after the passing of a decree. The court can revoke, suspend or vary, any such order made earlier on the change of circumstances. While adjudicating upon the custody of a child, the court has to keep in mind the welfare of a child. Though court considers other factors as well, however, welfare of the child is of utmost consideration. Usually, in female child custody cases, the courts give custody to the mother as at the age of puberty, girl child needs the mother’s care. Thus, over and above, welfare of the child is the influential factor while deciding the custodial rights.

Article Source: http://EzineArticles.com/9793437

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Understanding Medical Malpractice – What It Means

A person will generally file a medical malpractice suit with a lawyer if they feel they have received substandard care by any healthcare professional, like a doctor or dentist, that has directly resulted in economic or physical damages to them personally or a family member. When discussing what substandard care this generally means care that has violated the normal medical practices. In order to show medical malpractice there has to be three factors, which include a direct causal link, liability, and damages. For you to meet the requirements of liability, it must be proven a professional relationship existed between the provider of health care and you. Meeting this requirement is rarely a problem but being able to prove it was substandard care could be a little difficult. It depends on what the violation was.

Economic damages, injury, or suffering must be shown and be the direct result of the negligence. Most all parts of medical care have risks even if proper care is taken. Unless your lawyer can prove negligence from an outcome that turned out bad from the procedure or medical care alone, are not the grounds for a malpractice suit. When talking medical malpractice it can take on different forms. Some examples include:

• Not diagnosing a disease that is life-threatening
• Medication errors
• Surgical errors
• Delivery room or prenatal care
• Failure to give the correct follow-up care
• Anesthesia miscalculations

According to the Journal of the American Medical Association, approximately two hundred twenty-five thousand deaths happen each year because of medical malpractice. This makes it the third biggest cause of death in the United States. Approximately nine percent are caused by medication errors, miscellaneous errors, or unnecessary surgery. About eighty-two percent are due to contacting an infection while in the hospital or adverse reactions to medications.

It is harder to file a malpractice suits against hospital employees than against private physicians. Certain members of the staff in the hospital are often provided by private contracts so in these instances the contractor and negligent party is named in the medical malpractice suit and not the hospital. When there are multiple parties that are affected by the same negligent group it makes more sense to bring a class action suit, which can list hundreds or more plaintiffs. If the case is won then the monetary award, after paying court costs and legal fees, is distributed to the plaintiffs.

The laws that govern medical malpractice suits will vary in each state and may require different or additional criteria. When choosing a lawyer make sure that they specialize in this field of law.

Article Source: http://EzineArticles.com/9392570

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The Top Business Lawyers Mean Business

The law also protects consumers from business monopolies, malpractices, price fixing, and other issues.

As a business owner, you need to know about the laws regarding your business type, whether it is a small venture, a franchise, a partnership, or a corporation. There exist several legal considerations. The choices you make while setting up a business influence your business management, operations, finances, taxes, profits, and liabilities in the long run.

The importance of hiring business lawyers

Business lawyers know business laws inside out. They can help you right from the day you have a “blueprint” of your business plan to the day your business roars in the market… and even afterwards.

They can assist you in:

· Buying and selling ventures

· Mergers & acquisitions

· Starting LLC, corporation, and others

· Creating shareholder agreements

· Preparing business contracts

· Creating business plans

· Mediating disputes between you and consumers or business contract breaches

· Preparing and evaluating financial documents

· Collecting debts

· Issuance of stock

· Filing for bankruptcy

A clear idea of business law

A competent business attorney helps you give a picture of business law which would be clear as a crystal. He or she will explain the tax implications, business responsibility, and benefits of each kind of entity. This aids you in setting up an entity that benefits you, your employees, shareholders, and consumers.

Business lawyers harbor meaningful connections with important sources in the business community. Their objective is to promote a healthy business community that features continuous growth.

Of course, you can set up a business on your own, but you still need a lawyer. Only lawyers can give you legal advice. They are authorized and capable of doing so.

A partially-trained lawyer or a layman who claims to know the law may give you poor advice. They are not as acclimatized with legal situations as competent lawyers are. Qualified business lawyers are recognized by the Court of Appeals, which is the highest court of the state. They abide by a code of conduct and display sheer professionalism when handling cases. They are always updated about the changes in laws.

A reputable business lawyer has the legal expertise to interpret law for their clients and represent their interests in the courtroom and outside. You can benefit a lot from hiring such a lawyer. In other words, he or she can make things easier for you in the legal world.

Thanks to reputable law firms going online, it is easy to contact the best lawyer in town. You can schedule an initial consultation with him or her. You can discuss with them about your dream venture. It is time to put your idea on legal papers and out in the market.

Article Source: http://EzineArticles.com/9866989